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Overview
    1.1 About CoinRepublik
    1.2 Basic indicators
    1.3 Press and comments
    1.4 Financial markets
    1.5 Game fund
    1.6 CoinRepublik token
    1.7 Afiliates
    1.8 Personal profile
    1.9 Premium citizens
    1.10 Travel, citizenship
      
2. Inventory
    2.1 Coins
    2.2 Products
    2.3 Shares
    2.4 Bonds
      
3. Earn
    3.1 Workplaces
    3.2 Faucets
    3.3 Social networks
    3.4 Loans
    3.5 Pay to click (PTC)
      
4. Market
    4.1 Overview
    4.2 Products
    4.3 Assets
    4.4 Financial market
      
5. Trade
    5.1 Overview
    5.2 Margin markets
    5.3 Options
    5.4 Financial bets
    5.5 Bets
      
6. Companies
    6.1 Overview
    6.2 Starting and costs
    6.3 Production licences
    6.4 Workplaces
    6.5 Production process
    6.6 Shares and dividends
      
7. Politics
    7.1 Overview
    7.2 Congress
    7.3 Political parties
    7.4 Army
    7.5 War
      
 
5.3 Optiuni

Optiunile sunt un instrument financiar larg utilizat in lumea reala. Pot fi putin dificil de inteles la inceput dar iti ofera avantaje pe care nici un alt intrument financiar nu il ofera. In mare o optiune iti dar dreptul dar nu oligatia de a cumpara / vinde un asset la un pret determinat intr-un interval de timp predefinit. Ca sa ai acest drept, va trebui sa platesti o mica taxa celui care a emis optiunea. Sa spunem ca pretul ETH este in momentul de fata $160.
 
O optiune ti-ar putea oferi dreptul de a cumpara 1 ETH la pretul de $170 in urmatoarele 2 luni, pentru o taxa fixa de $5. Daca consideri ca pretul se va duce in sus in urmatoarele 2 luni, ai putea incerca sa cumperi optiunea. CoinRepublik ofera oricarui jucator posibilitatea de a scrie sau cumpara optiuni pe preturile a sute de asset-uri externe. Pentru mai multe detalii privind optiunile mergi la rubtica Optiuni.
 
Lansarea unei optiuni nu implica nici un cost, dar este nevoie de o garantie minima de $10 pentru optiunile in USD sau 100 moneda locala pentru cele in moneda locala. Garantia este utilizata pentru a plati jucatorii care isi exercita optiunea. Cel mai bun mod de a intelege cum functioneaza o optiune este de a da un exemplu concret, pas cu pas :
 
1. Sa spunem ca dispui de 0.01 BTC ($100) care se tranzactioneaza azi la pretul de $10.000 si consideri ca sunt sanse minime de a ajunge la pretul de $11.000 in urmatoarea luna dar vrei sa faci totusi un profit din detinerea pe care o ai, asa ca lansezi o optiune.
 
2. Optiunea pe care o lansezi da dreptul oricarui jucator sa cumpere maxim 0.01 BTC de la tine, la pretul de $10.000 (pret strike) in urmatoarea luna. Pentru acest serviciu doresti 5% din suma pe care jucatorul ar putea sa o cumpere. Cei 5% poarta denimirea de premium si reprezinta profitul tau pentru faptul ca oferi aceasta posibilitate.
 
3. Un jucator este convins ca in urmatoare luna pretul BTC va depasi $11.000 asa ca intra in optiune si isi rezerva dreptul de a cumpara 0.001 BTC, echivalentul a $10. Pentru asta iti va plati 5% din $10, adica $0.5
 
4. Sa presupunem ca pretul BTC creste la $11.000. Jucatorul care a cumparat o parte din optiunea ta (0.001 BTC), ar putea in acest moment sa o exercite adica sa aduca $10 sa cumpere de la tine 0.001 dupa care sa vanda cei 0.001 pentru $11, obtinand un profit imediat de $1. Pierderea celui care a lansat optiunea se rezuma la diferenta de pret cu care ar fi putut sa vanda 0.001 BTC
 
5. Sa presupunem ca BTC nu atinge nici macar $10.500 in urmatoarele 30 de zile, ceea ce face exercitarea in profit a optiunii imposibila. In acest caz, majoritatea cumparatorilor vor refuza sa exercite optiunea iar tu ramai cu taxele premium.
 
6. La sfarsitul celor 30 de zile, optiunea expira iar suma ramasa in garantie este returnata celui care a initiat optiunea. Suma ramasa in garantie este suma in BTC blocata in optiuni neexercitate impreuna cu restul din garantia initiala. Daca spre exemplu BTC ajunge la $11.000 iar din cei 0.01 BTC au fost exercitati 0.005 ($50) atunci cel care a initiat optiunea va primii inapoi 0.005 BTC ($55). Pentru optiunile exercitate va mai primii inca $50, iar din taxa premium inca $2.5, per total $107.5 chiar daca a pierdut practic optiunea.
 
In concluzie, riscul celor care initiaza optiuni se reduce la diferenta de pret intre momentul lansarii optiunii si data de expirare, in timp ce pentru cei care cumpara optiunea, riscul se reduce la taxa premium.




 

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